The most successful way to prevent injuries is to look at injuries from a wholistic point of view and to integrate the risk factors with the social and environmental factors that lead to the injury. Using multiple strategies in a community (also known as multi-strategic, a multifactorial approach community based approach or an ecological approach) has been shown to work.
The areas you will need to consider strategies from include:
When choosing what you can do about an injury issue the best way forward is to select actions from the scientific literature (particularly systematic reviews, meta-analyses and random control trials as these will give you the highest levels of effectiveness on projects/programs that have been implemented and evaluated.
There are different levels of evidence according to the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC):
To find information from the literature on what works for child injury prevention try visiting:
Select interventions appropriate to your target group that:
Sometimes the causes or settings of injuries are not easily evident as there could be underlying issues such as poor housing design, insufficient funds for the family to purchase a helmet etc. These issues are considered the social and environmental factors that impact on health and wellbeing.
It may be too difficult to address all aspects of child injury prevention at once, so when choosing what to do it may be useful to: