The cane toad secretes a toxin that can be poisonous to humans and animals. When the toxin is squirted onto the skin or into the eyes, first aid should be immediately performed. The toxin can cause pain and severe irritation to the eyes, or temporary visual disturbances.
When swallowed, the toxin may affect the heart, blood pressure, breathing and cause paralysis. If the toxin is ingested, the mouth should be cleaned carefully with a toothbrush or cloth. If the patient becomes unwell or develops vomiting, dizziness or chest pain, they should be transported to the nearest hospital for medical assessment.
The Queensland Poisons Information Centre does not support the use of alternate medicines that contain cane toad toxins.
For more information on cane toads, see the Queensland Museum's website.
Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABL) has been found in several species of flying foxes and bats in Australia. The infection may be transmitted from bats to humans after scratches or bites.
If bitten or scratched by a bat, wash the area with soap and water for five minutes, apply an antiseptic, and then see your local doctor.