Queensland Government
Queensland Health

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Seniors - Otago Exercise Programme - references

  1. Campbell, A.J. and Robertson, M.C. (2003). Otago Exercise Programme to prevent falls in older adults - an individually tailored strength and balance retraining programme.

Health Professionals - Otago Exercise Programme - references

  1. Campbell, A., Robertson, M., Gardner, M., Norton, R., Tilyard, M. and Buchner, D. (1997) Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women. BMJ; 315:1065-1069.
  2. Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. (1999). Falls prevention over 2 years: a randomized controlled trial in women 80 years and older. Age Ageing; 28:513-518.
  3. Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. (1999). Psychotropic medication withdrawal and a home-based exercise program to prevent falls: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc; 47:850-853.
  4. Robertson, M., Devlin, N., Gardner, M. and Campbell, A. (2001). Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 1: Randomised controlled trial. BMJ; 322:697-701.

Falls risk factors

  1. NARI (National Ageing and Research Institute) (2004). An analysis of Research on Preventing Falls and Falls Injury in Older People: Community, residential Care and Hospital Settings (2004) update), Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, Injury Prevention Section.
  2. Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in HealthCare's best practice guidelines for Australian Community Care "Preventing Falls and Harm From Falls in Older People', 2009 - http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/internet/safety/publishing.nsf/content/com-pubs_FallsGuidelines/$File/Guidelines-COMM.PDF

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Community readiness

  1. The behaviour change spiral from "What do they want us to do now?" AFAO 1996
  2. Adopted from Edwards, R. W., Jumper-Thurman. P., Plested, B. A., Oetting, E. R., & Swanson, L. (2000). Community readiness: Research to practice. Journal of Community Psychology, 28(3), 291-307
  3. Rogers, 1983.

Organisational readiness

  1. Australasian Evaluation Society. 2005. Targeting what matters in health promotion evaluation - using the RE-AIM approach to identify success in 'real-world' settings. - Reference 89  (http://www.health.qld.gov.au/stayonyourfeet/references.asp#81)
  2. http://aetcnec.ucsf.edu/evaluation/Assessing_Agency_Readiness_for_change.Lehman.pdf
  3. http://it.toolbox.com/blogs/enterprise-solutions/assessing-organizational-readiness-for-change-22869
  4. 2009 Australian Implementation Guide for Preventing Falls and Harm from Falls in Older People in Hospitals and Residential Aged Care Facilities, page 12.

Personal readiness

  1. Prochaska and DiClemente. 1983.


Last Updated: 17 July 2012
Last Reviewed: 01 August 2008