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Self-quarantine: Advice for travellers—novel coronavirus (近期旅行人士居家隔离建议)

Who needs to self-quarantine?

Queensland Health is continuing to work with the Australian Border Force to screen Australian residents who originated their travel in mainland China for symptoms and provide them with information on self-quarantine.

If you have been to China in the last 14 days and are feeling unwell, see a doctor immediately.

The advice below is for anyone who has travelled to China in the past 14 days, or for anyone who has been in close contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19 (novel coronavirus) and is feeling well.

If you have been in, or transited through, mainland China

  • You need to self-quarantine for 14 days from the date you departed mainland China.
  • If you begin to feel unwell and develop a fever or shortness of breath, a cough or a respiratory illness during your period of self-quarantine you should seek immediate medical attention. Call ahead to your GP or emergency department and mention your travel history before you arrive.
  • If you experience any other symptom during your period of self-quarantine you should also seek immediate medical attention. Call ahead to your GP or emergency department and mention your travel history before you arrive.

If you have been in close contact with someone who already has novel coronavirus

  • You need to self-quarantine for 14 days from the last date of contact with the confirmed case.
  • If you begin to feel unwell and develop a fever or shortness of breath, a cough or a respiratory illness during your period of self-quarantine you should seek immediate medical attention. Call ahead to your GP or emergency department and mention you’ve been in contact with someone with novel coronavirus infection before you arrive.
  • If you experience any other symptom during your period of self-quarantine you should also seek immediate medical attention. Call ahead to your GP or emergency department and mention you’ve been in contact with someone with novel coronavirus infection before you arrive.

What does self-quarantine mean?

Self-quarantine means staying in your home, hotel room or provided accommodation, and not leaving for the period of time you are required to isolate for. Only people who usually live in the household should be in the home. Do not allow visitors into the home.

Does this mean my family or other people I live with need to self-quarantine?

If someone in your home is self-quarantined, and they have maintained separation in an area of the home away from others (with their own bathroom and closed-door space), the other members of the household do not need to self-quarantine. If the person is moving freely around the home, the other members of the household must also self-quarantine for 14 days. This is because the other members of the household are classified to be in close contact with someone who is in the incubation period and may develop the infection.

How do I get things I need while in self-quarantine?

The Queensland Government is partnering with the Australian Red Cross, to ensure people have access to support during their period of self-quarantine. This service includes a regular telephone call to check-in on the persons wellbeing and to identify any practical support needs they may require assistance with. For example, organising the delivery of items such as groceries, access to educational materials, replacement of medications etc.

People who are self-quarantined must call 13 HEALTH (13 43 25 84) for further advice and to register for support. Staff at 13 HEALTH will connect people through to a local Public Health Unit and other health support services when appropriate.

What happens when I end my 14 days of self-quarantine?

People who have self-quarantined for 14 days without any symptoms are free to go about their usual activities. This includes returning to work, school, childcare, TAFE and university.

Particular groups of people – primarily travellers who returned to Australia on or after 1 February 2020 – may have been issued with a formal notice requiring them to self-quarantine. At the end of their 14-day period, those people will receive a call from a 13 HEALTH nurse to assess their condition.

  • If they are well, they are free to go about their daily lives and they will receive an email or text message confirming the end of their self-quarantine.
  • If they are unwell, a Queensland Health nurse will visit them to arrange testing, and they will need to remain in self-quarantine until the results are known.

If you require a formal medical certificate, you will need to see a GP to obtain one.

Those who did not receive a formal notice and voluntarily self-quarantined will not receive a call from 13 HEALTH at the end of the 14-day period. If they are well, they are free to go about their daily lives. If they are unwell, they should seek medical attention immediately.

What happens to those who do not comply with self-quarantine orders?

The health and wellbeing of Queenslanders is our top priority, and we know Queenslanders are always supportive of measures that protect the community.

Queensland Health is issuing notices to people who have travelled to at-risk areas, or who have been in contact with a confirmed case, that requests them to voluntarily quarantine themselves.

If a person is suspected to have breached the notice they had voluntarily agreed to, we'll initially work closely with the person to ensure they not only understand their obligations, but also the importance and seriousness of self-quarantine under the current global circumstances.

There are additional compliance measures available to Queensland Health under the Public Health Act 2005, and any further failure to comply may be subject to enforced quarantine and receiving fines of up to $13,345 and other penalties.

Keeping spirits up while in self-quarantine

Being under quarantine can be frightening, particularly for young children. Suggestions include:

  • Talk to the other members of the family about the infection. Understanding novel coronavirus will reduce anxiety.
  • Reassure young children using age-appropriate language.
  • Keep up a normal daily routine as much as possible.
  • Think about how you have coped with difficult situations in the past and reassure yourself that you will cope with this situation too. Remember that quarantine won’t last for long.
  • Keep in touch with family members and friends via telephone, email or social media.
  • Exercise regularly. Options could include exercise DVDs, dancing, floor exercises, yoga, walking around the backyard or using home exercise equipment, such as a stationary bicycle, if you have it. Exercise is a proven treatment for stress and depression.

Reducing boredom while in self-quarantine

Being confined to home for an extended period of time can cause boredom, stress and conflict. Suggestions include:

  • Arrange with your employer to work from home, if possible.
  • Ask your child’s school to supply assignments, work sheets and homework by post or email.
  • Don’t rely too heavily on the television and technology. Treat quarantine as an opportunity to do some of those things you never usually have time for, such as board games, craft, drawing and reading.

More information

谁需要自我隔离?

昆士兰州卫生部与澳大利亚边境执法部门继续协作,对从中国大陆到达的澳大利亚居民进行相关症状检查,并提供自我隔离相关信息。

如果您在过去14天内去过中国且感到身体不适,请立即就医。

以下指令是针对在过去14天内去过中国,或曾密切接触COVID-19(新型冠状病毒)确诊病例,且感觉不适的人士。

如果您曾经去过,或曾从中国大陆转机

  • 您必须自离开中国大陆之日起,自我隔离14天。
  • 如果您在自我隔离期间开始感觉不适,并伴发烧或呼吸急促、咳嗽或呼吸道症状,应立即就医。请在您到达诊所前致电您的GP (全科医生) 或医院急诊部,并通报您的旅行史。
  • 如果您在自我隔离期间出现任何其他症状,也应立即就医。请在您到达诊所前致电您的GP (全科医生) 或医院急诊部,并通报您的旅行史。

如果您与已经确诊的新型冠状病毒患者有密切接触

  • 自与确诊病例接触的最后日期起,您必须自我隔离14天。
  • 如果您在自我隔离期间开始感觉不适,并伴发烧或呼吸急促,咳嗽或呼吸道症状,应立即就医。请在您到达诊所前致电您的GP (全科医生) 或医院急诊部,并通报您曾与新型冠状病毒确诊患者有过接触。
  • 如果您在自我隔离期间出现任何其他症状,也应立即就医。请在您到达诊所前致电您的GP (全科医生) 或医院急诊部,并通报您与新型冠状病毒确诊患者有接触。

什么是自我隔离?

自我隔离指待在家中、酒店房间或所提供的住所,在所要求的隔离时间内不得离开。只有通常住在家里的人才可以住在家里,访客不得进入家中。

这是否意味着我的家人或与我同住的其他人需要自我隔离?

如果您家中有人正在进行自我隔离,并且他们在家里设有专用区域(拥有自己的浴室和可封闭的空间)进行隔离,其他家庭成员则无需进行自我隔离。如果隔离人员在家里任意走动,那么该家庭的其他成员也必须自我隔离14天。这是因为这种情况下,其他家庭成员会被视为与处于潜伏期并可能受感染病毒的人士有密切接触。

我在自我隔离时如何获得所需的东西?

昆士兰州政府与澳大利亚红十字会合作,以确保人们在自我隔离期间能够获得帮助。该服务包括定期通话,关心自我隔离人员的健康状况,并了解他们所提的需求是否需要帮助。例如,安排送货上门,包括食品杂物,学习资料,再次配药等。

正在自我隔离中的人士必须致电13HEALTH13 43 25 84)以寻求进一步的指导,并记录情况,以获得支持服务。 13HEALTH工作人员将根据您的具体情况帮您与附近公共卫生站,以及其他卫生支持服务机构建立联系。

当我结束14天的自我隔离后会怎样?

自我隔离14天后未出现任何症状的人士可以恢复日常活动,这包括返回工作岗位、去学校、幼儿园、TAFE学院和大学。

特定人群主要是指在2020年2月1日当天或之后返回澳大利亚的旅行者,他们可能已收到要求他们自我隔离的正式通知。在14天隔离期结束时,他们将接到13 HEALTH部门护士的电话,对他们的身体状况进行评估。

  • 如果他们身体状况良好,他们可以恢复日常活动,并会收到邮件或短信确认他们自我隔离期已结束。
  • 如果他们身体不适,昆士兰州卫生部的护士将去他们家安排相关检测,他们将需要继续执行自我隔离,直到检测结果出来。

如果您需要正式的医疗证明,您需要找GP出具。

对未收过正式隔离通知但自愿进行自我隔离的人士,他们在14天隔离期结束时不会收到13 HEALTH的电话。如果他们身体状况良好,他们可以恢复日常活动。如果他们身体不适,他们应该立即就医。

那些不遵守自我隔离通知的人会怎样处置?

昆士兰民众的身心健康是我们的头等大事,保护社区健康的相关措施一直得到昆州人民的广泛支持。

昆士兰州卫生部正在向曾经去过高风险地区,或与已确诊的病人曾经接触过的人士发出通知,要求他们进行自愿隔离。

如果怀疑某人在已经自愿同意本通知的情况下,违反了他们先前承诺。我们将首先与该人联系,确保他们不仅完全理解自己应尽的义务,而且了解在当前全球疫情威胁下隔离的重要性和严肃性。

根据《 2005年公共卫生法》,昆士兰州卫生部有权出台其他合规措施,如果仍拒绝服从指令,将可能被强制隔离,并处以最高13345澳元的罚款和其他惩罚。

自我隔离期如何保持心情愉悦

隔离可能让人有些害怕,尤其对小孩子来说。我们的建议包括:

  • 与其他家庭成员谈论感染防护问题,增加对新型冠状病毒的了解可以缓解焦虑。
  • 使用适当的语言安抚幼儿。
  • 尽可能保持正常的日常生活。
  • 回忆过去是如何应对困难局面的,并给自己打气,相信这次也能应对。隔离的时间不会持续很久。
  • 通过电话、电子邮件或社交媒体与家人和朋友保持联系。
  • 定时锻炼。可以选择跟着视频运动、跳舞、自由体操、瑜伽、在后院散步或使用家用锻炼设备,如室内自行车(如果有的话)。锻炼是缓解压力和治疗抑郁的有效方法。

自我隔离期间克服无聊情绪

长时间呆在家里可能会导致无聊、紧张和抵触情绪。我们的建议包括:

  • 如果可能,与雇主协商在家工作。
  • 请求孩子的学校通过邮寄或电子邮件布置功课、习题和家庭作业。
  • 不要过于依赖电视和电子产品。把隔离当成一次机会,做一些通常没有时间做的事情,比 如棋盘游戏、手工艺、绘画和阅读。

Last updated: 21 February 2020