Prostate cancer develops when abnormal cells in the prostate gland in an uncontrolled way, forming a malignant tumour.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in men in Australia and the third most common cause of cancer death. One in 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer by the age of 85. It is more common in older men, with over 63% of cases diagnosed in men over 65 years of age.
General population screening is not recommended for prostate cancer.
Have I got any signs of prostate cancer?
Early prostate cancer usually does not cause symptoms.
Advanced prostate cancer symptoms can include:
- frequent urination
- pain while urinating
- blood in the urine or semen
- a weak stream of urine or difficulty emptying your bladder
- pain in the back or pelvis
- weak legs or feet.
More widespread disease often spreads to the bones and causes pain or unexplained weight loss and fatigue.
Am I at risk of prostate cancer?
- over 50 years of age
- family history of prostate, breast or ovarian cancer, especially BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations
- a father or brother or son diagnosed with prostate cancer before the age of 60.
How will I get tested?
Visit your GP who will order investigations.
- blood test.
- a digital examination is no longer recommended for men without symptoms.
- a biopsy performed under ultrasound.
My test is positive - what happens next?
- referral to a specialist including the Prostate Cancer Specialist Nurse.
- depends on the extent of the cancer.
- CT scan and bone scan
- active surveillance – regular blood tests, examinations, MRI scans and biopsies.
- watchful waiting
- radiation therapy
- hormone therapy
- symptom management
Prostate Cancer Specialist Nurse
The Prostate Cancer Specialist Nurse will support patients and their loved ones with clinic appointments, provide resources during the treatment journey and be a continued source of information.