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The general streetscape includes:

  • Footpaths and pedestrian thoroughfares
  • Public transport points (such as bus stops and taxi ranks)
  • Shopping centres and precincts.

These facilities are in daily use throughout the year so the provision of sufficient UVR protective shade is necessary to ensure a safe public environment.

Design considerations

Existing shade

Make sure your existing shade is optimised before deciding to provide more. There may be some simple solutions, for example can you:

  • Move existing seating to a shaded area?
  • Cut low branches from trees to allow access under them?

Site usage patterns

  • ŸKnow when most people use the site, and when the UVR levels are highest and provide shade for those times.
  • Prioritise shade for areas where the usage patterns involve prolonged exposure to UVR, for example waiting at bus stops or taxi ranks.
  • Provide occasional shade for locations like footpaths where people using them are active and moving.

Climatic conditions

  • Design according to the climate zone. This will influence the type and design of shade structures.
  • Consider the need for rain protection as well as UVR over areas such as bus stops and taxi ranks.
  • Select tree species to suit the local soil and the character of the surrounding area.

Indirect UVR

  • Consider the reflectance of your design materials and how you treat open spaces.
  • Read about ultraviolet radiation.


  • All public areas are prone to vandalism, but there are ways to design your facility to minimise the potential for damage.
  • Read about avoiding vandalism.
Last updated: 21 April 2016

Technical guidelines

Find specific recommendations for shade planning in all common public facilities in the Technical guidelines for shade provision in public facilities.