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Radiation legislation and protocols

Radiation Health administers Queensland's Radiation Safety Act 1999 and the Radiation Safety Regulation 2010. The objective of the Act is to:

  • protect persons from health risks associated with exposure to particular sources of ionising radiation and harmful non-ionising radiation
  • protect the environment from being adversely affected by exposure to radiation.


Queensland Health's strategy to achieve compliance with the Radiation Safety Act 1999 may be found at:

Queensland and other jurisdictions

Queensland is working to improve consistency in its radiation safety arrangements with other jurisdictions in Australia. Although there are occasions where our licensing arrangements are unique, we are working towards achieving positions of national uniformity as set out in the National Directory for Radiation Protection.

If there are matters relating to a lack of national uniformity about which you are aggrieved, they may be raised by:

Protocol for tuberculosis screening

On 19 April 2016, the protocol of tuberculosis screening (PDF 210 kB), was approved under the Radiation Safety Regulation 2010.

The Protocol provides for the chief executive to request plain film diagnostic radiography of the chest for premises who present at a Tuberculosis Control Unit. The Protocol also provides the requirements that must be satisfied for this request.

Imaging of children

Special attention should be paid to ensure that radiological examinations of persons under the age of 18 years (i.e. children) are justified.

Radiological examination of children requires a higher level of justification as they have a longer life expectancy in which the manifestation of possible harmful effects of radiation may occur. Additionally, children may be more susceptible to radiation-induced cancers.

The following resources for parents, radiographers and medical practitioners are available to support the reduction in radiation exposure to children and young people from CT scans. It is important that relevant practitioners apply this information across all radiation imaging conducted on children.

  • Inside Radiology contains information about radiology tests and procedures for consumers and professionals
  • RANZCR has online education modules for medical undergraduates and practitioners from all disciplines about how to make decisions regarding imaging referral
  • ARPANSA’s online education module Radiation protection of the patient for medical referrers on radiation safety in medical imaging, including both risks and benefits
  • Diagnostic imaging pathways provides an online decision support and education tool for diagnostic imaging
  • Healthdirect Australia provides resources to enable parents, carers and health practitioners to access evidence-based and validated information about CT scans and to raise awareness of the benefits and risks
  • Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care references various posters and pamphlets that are available for display
Last updated: 26 July 2019