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Sexual health education resources

Select from this list of STIs and learn how you get infected, the symptoms, how to test and treat the infection.

Mycoplasma genitalium

How do I get it?

Vaginal, anal and oral sex.

Signs and symptoms

  • Women: Discharge from vagina, pelvic pain
  • Men: Pain on passing urine, discharge from penis

How do I test for it?

  • Women: Urine test or swab
  • Men: Urine test

How do I treat for it?

Antibiotics

More information

Partners from the previous 6 months need to be tested and treated.  If they are not treated, you will get the infection again!


Gonorrhoea

How do I get it?

Vaginal, oral and anal sex.

Signs and symptoms

Often no symptoms, pain on urinating, discharge from penis or vagina, pain with sex, abdominal pain.

How do I test for it?

  • Women: Urine test or swab
  • Men: Urine test

How do I treat for it?

Antibiotics

More information

Partners from the previous 2 months needs to be tested and treated. If they are not treated, you will get the infection again!


Trichomonas

How do I get it?

Vaginal sex.

Signs and symptoms

Discharge vagina / penis, unpleasant vaginal odour, vaginal itch or burning

How do I test for it?

Urine test or swab.

How do I treat for it?

Antibiotic.

More information

Current partner/s need to be tested and treated. If they are not treated, you will get the infection again!


Hepatitis B

How do I get it?

Mother to child transmission. Vaginal or anal sex. Sharing injecting, piercing or tattooing equipment.

Signs and symptoms

Usually no symptoms.

How do I test for it?

Blood test.

How do I treat for it?

Acute Hep B – rest

Chronic Hep B – possible treatment

More information

Sexual and household contacts should be tested.

Important to talk to a health professional for accurate information.


Syphilis

How do I get it?

Vaginal, oral and anal sex or direct contact with lesions.

Signs and symptoms

A sore or lesion (usually painless) at site of infection within 10-90 days. You can then get a rash particularly on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet with flu like symptoms 30 days to 5 months after infection.

How do I test for it?

A blood test and or a swab if there is a lesion present.

How do I treat for it?

Anitbiotics

More information

All partners need to be tested and treated.  If they are not treated, you will get the infection again!


Chlamydia

How do I get it?

Vaginal, oral and anal sex.

Signs and symptoms

Most people do not have symptoms.

  • Women: Abnormal discharge, bleeding between periods, pain when having sex, abdominal pain and pain when urinating
  • Men:  Pain when urinating, discharge from penis, swelling and pain in testicles

How do I test for it?

  • Women: Urine test or swab
  • Men: Urine test

How do I treat for it?

Antibiotics

More information

Partners from the previous 6 months need to be tested and treated.  If they are not treated, you will get the infection again!


HIV

How do I get it?

Vaginal and anal sex. Sharing injecting , piercing or tattooing equipment.  Mother to child if pregnant woman not on HIV medication.

Signs and symptoms

Fever, flu like illness, tiredness, swollen glands, headache, sore throat, rash.

How do I test for it?

Blood test

How do I treat for it?

Important to start HIV treatment early, as it keeps people well and stops onward transmission of HIV.

More information

Partners all need to be offered testing.


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Last updated: 5 March 2019