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Chikungunya virus

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Fact sheet - Health conditions directory

Chikungunya is a viral disease that is spread to humans by mosquitoes. It was first described in 1952 in Tanzania (in East Africa). Outbreaks and epidemics have since been reported from many African countries, as well as from Indian Ocean island nations, the Indian subcontinent, South East Asia and, more recently, the Pacific region and Caribbean. Chikungunya has been diagnosed in travellers from affected countries who have recently arrived in Australia. Although locally-acquired chikungunya has not been detected in Australia (to the end of June 2014), mosquitoes capable of transmitting chikungunya virus occur in north Queensland, Torres Strait and some locations in central and southern Queensland.

Public health management guidelines


Pathology laboratories

Attending medical practitioners/medical superintendents (or delegates)

In north Queensland and other areas where Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquitos are known to be present, treating doctors should notify clinically suspected cases to the relevant local public health unit immediately, before laboratory results become available.

Notification resources

Enhanced surveillance for Public Health Units

  • Case report form (PDF, 185kB) - used by public health units to collect and manage more detailed information for enhanced case surveillance.

Resources for health professionals

Last updated: 5 June 2023

Condition information

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