Queensland Stay On Your Feet®- Step 4C: Measure Outcomes
Step 4C: Measure outcomes
Measuring the outcomes of your project/program determines whether it has met the ultimate goal of reducing falls, fall related injury, deaths (mortality) and disabilities (morbidity) and increasing healthy active ageing. It also determines whether any aspects of the project/program are sustainable [22, 23, 24].
Outcome evaluation is measured at the completion of the project/program and can be followed up every one, two, five or 10 years . For ongoing programs, it can be measured on a regular basis.
Research suggests that it is unwise to have ‘reduced injury rates' as a sole outcome measure as this requires very large sample sizes followed over a long period of time and requires the assistance of skilled epidemiologists . If falls prevention projects/programs run for less than two years, a statistically significant reduction in falls is unlikely.
Has your program made a difference?You can also look at the outcomes of your falls prevention project/program more broadly, by considering multiple measures  such as:
- health outcomes
- quality of life outcomes
- economic outcomes
- community and social outcomes
- sustainability outcomes.
More information about each of these measures is provided below.
|Quality of life outcomes||Quality of life measures a person's perception of their health and wellbeing. Measuring quality of life is relevant, as falls, fractures and the fear of falling all have a significant impact on an individual's physical, social and psychological functioning .|
Falls contribute to a large amount of costs, and therefore influence economic outcomes through:
|Community and social|
Evaluating community and social outcomes can determine whether the project/program and the desired health behaviour and outcomes will be maintained. For example, if the social attitude is that 'it is too late for people over 60 years to get any benefit from exercise' then people over 60 years will not be supported by society, media, family, friends and carers to undertake physical activity. Community and social outcomes can be measured through:
|Sustainability outcomes||Evaluating sustainability determines whether changes made by your project/program will be maintained over time [22, 89, 90].|
|Tools and templates Outcome evaluation tools|
|Ready for the next step?Go to Step 4D: Share and celebrate results|